Wednesday, 15 October 2014 00:00

Datenschutz

Datenschutz

Die RavenGroup nimmt den Schutz Ihrer persönlichen Daten ernst und hält sich strikt an die Regeln der Datenschutzgesetze. Personenbezogene Daten werden auf dieser Webseite nur im technisch notwendigen Umfang erhoben. In keinem Fall werden die erhobenen Daten verkauft oder aus anderen Gründen an Dritte weitergegeben. Datenverarbeitung auf dieser Internetseite Die RavenGroup erhebt und speichert automatisch in ihren Server Log Files Informationen, die Ihr Browser an uns übermittelt.

Dies sind:

  • Browsertyp/-version
  • verwendetes Betriebssystem
  • Referrer URL (die zuvor besuchte Seite)
  • Hostname des zugreifenden Rechners (IP Adresse)
  • Uhrzeit der Serveranfrage

Diese Daten sind für die RavenGroup nicht bestimmten Personen zuordenbar. Eine Zusammenführung dieser Daten mit anderen Datenquellen wird nicht vorgenommen, die Daten werden zudem nach einer statistischen Auswertung gelöscht.

Sicherheit Ihrer persönlichen Daten

Die RavenGroup schützt Ihre persönlichen Daten vor unerlaubten Zugriff, Verwendung oder Veröffentlichung und sorgt dafür, dass ihre persönlichen Informationen die Sie auf dem Server speichern, sich in einer kontrollierten sicheren Umgebung, in der unerlaubter Zugriff und Veröffentlichung verhindert wird, befinden.

Weitergabe Ihrer Daten

Die RavenGroup gibt Ihre personenbezogenen Daten nicht an Dritte weiter, ausser Sie wird zur Abwicklung des Geschäftverkehres benötigt. Die übermittelten Daten sind auf das erforderliche Minimum beschränkt. Soweit Die RavenGroup aber gesetzlich oder per Gerichtsbeschluss dazu verpflichtet wird, geben wir Ihre Daten nur an auskunftsberechtigte staatliche Institutionen und Behörden weiter. Änderung dieser Datenschutzbestimmungen Die RavenGroup behält sich das Recht vor, diese Sicherheits- und Datenschutz- maßnahmen zu verändern, soweit dies wegen der technischen Entwicklung erforderlich wird. In diesen Fällen werden wir auch unsere Hinweise zum Datenschutz entsprechend anpassen. Bitte beachten Sie daher die jeweils aktuelle Version unserer Datenschutzerklärung.

Externe Links

Diese Website enthält Verknüpfungen zu Websites Dritter ("externe Links"). Diese Websites unterliegen der Haftung der jeweiligen Betreiber. Der Anbieter hat bei der erstmaligen Verknüpfung der externen Links die fremden Inhalte daraufhin überprüft, ob etwaige Rechtsverstöße bestehen. Zu dem Zeitpunkt waren keine Rechtsverstöße ersichtlich. Der Anbieter hat keinerlei Einfluss auf die aktuelle und zukünftige Gestaltung und auf die Inhalte der verknüpften Seiten. Das Setzen von externen Links bedeutet nicht, dass sich der Anbieter die hinter dem Verweis oder Link liegenden Inhalte zu Eigen macht. Eine ständige Kontrolle der externen Links ist für den Anbieter ohne konkrete Hinweise auf Rechtsverstöße nicht zumutbar. Bei Kenntnis von Rechtsverstößen werden jedoch derartige externe Links unverzüglich gelöscht.

Kinder

Personen unter 18 Jahren sollten ohne Zustimmung der Eltern oder Erziehungsberechtigten keine personenbezogenen Daten an uns übermitteln. Wir fordern keine personenbezogenen Daten von Kindern und Jugendlichen an, sammeln diese nicht und geben sie nicht an Dritte weiter.

Cookies

Die Internetseiten verwenden an mehreren Stellen so genannte Cookies. Sie dienen dazu, unser Angebot nutzerfreundlicher, effektiver und sicherer zu machen. Cookies sind kleine Textdateien, die auf Ihrem Rechner abgelegt werden und die Ihr Browser speichert. Die meisten der von uns verwendeten Cookies sind so genannte „Session-Cookies“. Sie werden nach Ende Ihres Besuchs automatisch gelöscht. Cookies richten auf Ihrem Rechner keinen Schaden an und enthalten keine Viren.

Auskunftsrecht

Sie haben jederzeit das Recht auf Auskunft über die bezüglich Ihrer Person gespeicherten Daten, deren Herkunft und Empfänger sowie den Zweck der Datenverarbeitung. Auskunft über die gespeicherten Daten können Sie unter This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. anfordern.

Weitere Informationen

Ihr Vertrauen ist uns wichtig. Daher möchten wir Ihnen jederzeit Rede und Antwort bezüglich der Verarbeitung Ihrer personenbezogenen Daten stehen. Wenn Sie Fragen haben, die Ihnen diese Datenschutzerklärung nicht beantworten konnte oder wenn Sie zu einem Punkt vertiefte Informationen wünschen, wenden Sie sich bitte mit einer E-Mail an This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tuesday, 14 October 2014 00:00

Imprint

Imprint

Within the meaning of the general duty to furnish information as per the German Teleservice Act (Teledienstgesetz), responsibility for the contents of this website lies with:

Company name: RavenRubber GmbH

Responsible person: Christoph Ravenstein

Address: Praterstr. 15/1/24, A-1020 Vienna

Phone: 0043 (0) 7246 7305 50

E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

http: www.theRavenGroup.org

Commercial register no. and Jurisdiction (Ö): FN 287855t

Commercial court: Vienna

Place of business: Vienna

Turnover Tax ID: ATU63299004

Thursday, 09 October 2014 00:00

Mexicon-ch

Mexicon

对我们来说,墨西哥不光是我们工厂的所在地,也是我们激情所系的国度。于公于私,我们都坚定不移地相信,墨西哥能提供无限的可能、无尽的潜力。为使您最大程度地从这种潜力中受益,我们愿意随时回答您的各种问题,并为您提供我们的支持服务,参见我们的EuRepMexRavenCluster项目详情。

如果您需要具体的出处信息,欢迎随时与我们联系!

A

  • Advertising - 广告: Mexican consumers orient themselves on the American market. Companies are investing above-average in advertising and marketing to make products known. Without intensive efforts in these areas, entering the Mexican market with new products is considered as very difficult. - 墨西哥消费者紧跟美国市场趋势,大多数企业均在广告和市场营销方面大量投入,宣传产品。如果在这些方面不作努力,产品上市便会有诸多困难。
  • Age structure - 年龄结构: 0-14 years: 28.2 %; 15 – 64 years: 65.2 %; 65 years and older: 6.6 % [2011] - 0-14岁:28.2%;15-64岁:65.2%;65岁及以上:6.6%
  • Agriculture - 农业: Is responsible for 3.8 % of GDP and around 13.6 % of the workforce is employed in agriculture. - 约占GDP的3.8%,13.6%的雇员从事农业工作。
  • Agricultural products - 农产品: Corn, wheat, barley rice, beans, potatoes, coffee, cotton, sugar cane, fruits, tomatoes, livestock breeding, fisheries - 玉米、小麦、大麦、大米、豆类、土豆、咖啡、棉花、甘蔗、水果、番茄、畜牧业产品、渔业产品等。
  • Airports - 机场: Mexico has 1,724 airports. - 墨西哥境内共有1,724个机场。
  • Area - 国土面积: 1,964,375 km² (Comparison: Germany 357,022 km²; USA 9,826,675 km²) - 196.4375万平方公里(对比:德国为35.7022万平方公里,美国为982.6675万平方公里)
  • Automotive sector - 汽车行业: Especially the automotive industry is increasing rapidly and emerges as one of the most important sectors in Mexico. The strong demand in the automotive sector is the main reason for the above-average economic growth rate of 4% in 2012. Mexico is an important production location for the international automotive industry. Nissan, Ford, Honda, Volkswagen, Chrysler, Fiat, General Motors, Mazda and Toyota already have plants in Mexico. Audi and BMW are also planning to set up a plant shortly. Especially the low labor costs and the strategic proximity to the USA are reasons to set up a plant in Mexico. The vehicle production has reached a new record high in January 2013 and 242,855 units had been produced (+19.8 % compared to January 2012). Nowadays Mexico ranks worldwide on place five for automotive export and on place eight for automotive production. Further growth is expected. - 汽车工业发展势头迅猛,已经成了墨西哥最重要的行业之一。汽车市场的巨大需求是超乎平均水准的经济增长率的决定性因素。尼桑、福特、本田、大众、克莱斯勒、菲亚特、通用汽车、马自达和丰田均已在墨西哥建厂,奥迪和宝马也正在筹备。墨西哥的人力费用低廉,在此建厂也在战略上靠近墨西哥和美国的生产基地,因此极具吸引力。2013年1月,墨西哥的汽车产量再创新高,一月份共生产汽车242,855辆(同比增长19.8%)。目前墨西哥在全球范围内的汽车出口位居第五,在汽车生产方面居第八位,而且仍有望继续攀升。
  • Average age - 平均年龄: 26 years (Comparison: Germany 45.3 years; USA 37.1 years) - 26岁(对比:德国45.3岁,美国37.1岁)
  • Aztecs - 阿茨特肯: The Aztecs were the last civilization in central Mexico and adopted many elements of the Toltecs culture. Human sacrifices were a main part of the Aztec religion. - 阿茨特肯是墨西哥中部最后的文明古国,吸收了很多托特肯人的文化元素。阿茨特肯人宗教的中心是人祭。

B

  • Banking system - 行系统: In the Mexican banking system distinguishes between commercial banks (privately owned) and development banks (state institutions). - 墨西哥的银行系统分为商业银行(私人所有)和发展银行(国有机构)。
    • Major banks - 大型银行: BANAMEX, HSBC(汇丰), BANORTE, SCOTIABANK; BBVA-BANCOMER und SANTANDER-SERFIN
    • Central bank (Banco de México) - 中央银行(墨西哥银行): Mexico’s banking system was stable in times of crisis und is characterized by a solid liquidity. In 1994 the central bank received an autonomous status. - 墨西哥的银行系统在危机中表现出色,支付能力也非常可靠。自1994年起,中央银行即处于自治状态。
  • Beaches - 海滩: The most beautiful beaches are located in Tulum, Puerto Escondido, Cancun, Playa del Carmen, Cabo San Lucas, Nuevo Vallarta, Akumal, Cozumel und Puerto Aventuras - 最美的海滩在图卢姆(Tulum)、埃斯孔迪多港(Puerto Escondido)、坎昆(Cancun)、普拉亚德尔卡曼(Playa del Carmen)、Cabo San Lucas、Nuevo Vallarta、Akumal、科苏梅尔(Cozumel)、 Puerto Aventuras等地。
  • Birth rate - 出生率: 18.87 per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 8.33 per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 13.7 per 1,000 inhabitants) - 18.87/千人(对比:德国为8.83/千人,美国为13.7/千人)
  • Budget level - 财政预算: 295.2 billion USD - 2,952亿美元
  • Buses - 公共汽车: Public buses are signalled to stop on the side of the road by giving the bus driver a sign with the hand. For long time travels “first class buses” such as ADO, Futura, ETN or Estrella Blanca are recommended. - 公共汽车可以站在路边伸手拦住。长途旅行的话建议选择“一等客车”,如ADO、Futura、ETN或Estrella Blanca.
  • Business language - 商务语言: Spanish; in addition to Spanish, English is quite widespread as a business language. - 西班牙语;此外英语也是极为普遍的商务语言。
  • Business opportunities - 商机: Outstanding opportunities are seen in the traditional machinery export as well as in the plastics packaging and automotive sectors. In the long run, the areas alternative energy and environmental technology offer promising business opportunities. - 较大的商机主要在传统机械出口、塑料、包装及汽车零部件等行业。长远发展方面,新能源及环保技术行业前景看好。

C

  • Capital city - 首都: Mexico City - 墨西哥城
  • Capital expenditure (net, public and private) - 投资(净投资、公共投资及私人投资): 25.1 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 18.3 % of GDP; USA 15.5 % of GDP) [2011] - 占GDP的25.1%(对比:德国为GDP的18.3%,美国为15.5%)[2011年数据]
  • Climate - 气候: The climate is divided into dry and wet season (Dry season lasts from November until May). Hot and dry summers and cold winters are usual in the north (e.g. Monterrey). The tropical south is hot and humid all year long. - 墨西哥的气候分旱季和雨季(旱季为每年的十一月至来年五月)。北部冬季普遍较冷,夏季炎热干旱(如Monterrey);南部为热带地区,常年高温高湿。
  • Commercial ports - 贸易港口: Mexico has 24 ports. The major commercial port is in Veracruz. - 墨西哥共有24个港口,最大的贸易港位于韦拉克鲁斯
  • Compulsory school attendance - 义务教育: From 6 to 14 years - 6-14岁的少年儿童必须接受义务教育
  • Corruption - 腐败: Corruption is a criminal act and punishable (Corruption committed abroad is also prosecuted in Austria). Unfortunately reality looks different and corruption reaches from the small policeman up to highest political levels. - 腐败在墨西哥亦被视为犯罪行为。但事实情况并不乐观,从最底层的交通警察到最高的政府官员,腐败蔓延到了墨西哥的所有阶层。
  • Country code - 国家代码: +52
  • Crude oil export - 原油出口: 1.299 million Barrels per day - 129.9万桶/天
  • Crude oil production - 原油生产: 2.934 million Barrels per day - 293.4万桶/天
  • Currency - 货币: Mexican peso (MXN) - 墨西哥比索(MXN)
  • Customs - 关税: For the import of products the general import tax must be paid. Additionally VAT and for certain products a special tax can occur. - 进口商品普遍需缴纳进口关税,此外还可能有增值税及针对特定商品的特殊税负。

D

  • Default interest rate for commercial transactions - 商业欠款滞纳金: The default interest rate set by law for commercial transactions is 6 % per year. - 法律规定的商业欠款滞纳金为每年6%.
  • Dimensions and weight - 长度及重量单位: The metric system is common in Mexico. Examples: length of unit meter [m], mass unit kilogram [kg], force Newton [N], time [s] - 墨西哥采用公制,例如:长度单位为米[m],质量单位为公斤[kg],力的单位为牛顿[N],时间单位为秒[s]等。
  • Dollar - 美元: The Mexican peso is strongly tied to the dollar. - 墨西哥比索是跟美元挂钩的。
  • Drinking water - 饮用水: 96 % of the urban and 87 % of the rural population have access to safe drinking water. - 96%的城市居民和87%的农村居民可以使用洁净水源。
  • Drug war - 毒品战争: The drug war is still a present topic in Mexico and also linked to the difficult security situation. Crime scientist Buscaglia estimates that the drug cartels have an annual turnover of over 100 billion USD. This represents almost 10 % of Mexico’s gross domestic product. - 毒品是墨西哥的一大问题,犯罪学研究专家Buscaglia估计,毒品犯罪组织每年的交易额超过1,000亿美金,将近墨西哥国内生产总值的10%。

E

  • E-business - 电子商务: An annual turnover of 3.6 billion USD was achieved in 2011. Online shopping is mainly used by the upper income group (around 20 % of the population). - 2011年该行业的年度产值为36亿美元,使用网上购物方式的主要是高收入人群(约占总人口的20%)
  • Economic growth - 经济增长率: Economic growth added up to 4 % of GDP in 2012, mainly due to export. - 2012年GDP增长为4%,主要来自出口。
  • Economic policy - 经济政策: Mexico has a liberal economic system with a relatively low proportion of nationalized industry. - 墨西哥实行自由(市场)经济体系,国有企业上所占比例相对较小。
  • Education expenditure - 教育支出: 4.8 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 4.5 % of GDP; USA 5.5 % of GDP) - 占GDP的4.8%(对比:德国4.5%,美国5.5%
  • Electricity - 电力: Basically 110 V AC and 60 HZ. In the industry three phases current is common (220 V per phase) - 一般用电为110V 60Hz交流电;工业用电为三相电流(每相220V)
  • Electricity costs - 约为: Approximately 0.11 USD per KWH - 约为0.11美元/度
  • Entry for EU citizens - 欧盟居民入境: EU citizens are allowed to remain in Mexico up to 180 days with a tourist visa. By entering the territory it is distinguished between Immigrants and Non-immigrants. - EU居民可以持旅游签证入境墨西哥,最长逗留180天。入境时需区分“移民”及“非移民”入境。
  • Ethnic groups - 民族: 60 % Mestizo, 30 % Indigenous, 9 % Europeans - 60%的梅斯蒂索人,30%土著居民,9%欧洲人
  • EUR1: Due to the free trade agreement between Europe and Mexico the European origin of goods has to be proven by means of EUR1 in order to obtain reduced tariffs. - 根据欧盟和墨西哥的自由贸易协定,原产欧盟的货物需经过EUR1认证以获取关税减免。
  • Exchange rate - 汇率: 1 EUR = 17.04 MXN, 1 USD = 12.74 MXN [accessed 2/8/2013] - 1 EUR = 17,04 MXN(墨西哥比索), 1 USD = 12,74 MXN [2013年2月8日数据]
  • Exports - 出口: 349.7 billion USD (Comparison: Germany 1,415.53 billion USD; USA 1,480.0 billion USD) - 3,497亿美元(对比:德国14,155.3亿美元,美国14,800亿美元)

F

  • Fertility rate - 生育率: 2.3 births per woman (Comparison: Germany 1.41 births per woman; USA 2.06 births per woman) - 平均每个妇女生育2.3个孩子(对比:德国1.41,美国2.06)
  • Fetal mortality rate - 婴儿死亡率: 8.9 still births per 1,000 live births (Comparison: Germany 3.51 per 1,000 live births; USA 6.0 per 1,000 live births) - 每1,000名出生婴儿中,平均死亡人数为8.9(对比:德国3.51,美国6.0)
  • Flag - 国旗: Colors: green, white, red; The Mexican emblem an eagle with a snake in its beak that is sitting on a cactus) is centered in the white band. - 颜色:绿、白、红;墨西哥国徽(一只鹰停在一棵仙人球上,衔住一条蛇)位于国旗白色部分中央。
  • Food - 饮食: Tortillas, mole, tamales, tacos, enchiladas
  • Foreign exchange reserves - 外汇储备: Approximately 161 billion USD - 约为1.61亿美元
  • Foreign reserves - 货币储备: 149.2 billion USD [2011] (Comparison: Germany 244.019 billion USD; USA 148 billion USD) - 2011年为1492亿美元(对比:德国24401.9亿美元,美国1480亿美元)
  • Free trade agreement - 自由贸易协定: Mexico has free trade agreements with 44 different countries (Reduction of United States dependency) - 与44个国家签订了自由贸易协定(因此大大降低了对美国的依赖程度)
 
 

G

  • Geographic coordinates - 地理坐标: 23 00 N, 102 00 W - 北纬23度, 西经102度
  • Greeting rituals - 问候礼仪: Handshakes, hugs and one peck on the cheek are the most common forms of greeting in Mexico. - 墨西哥人最常见的问候礼仪是握手、拥抱或是吻颊。
  • Gross domestic product (GDP, nom.) - 国内生产总值(GDP): 1,154 billion USD (Comparison: Germany 3,609 billion USD; USA 15,076 billion USD) [2011] - 11.54亿美元(对比:德国36.09亿美元,美国150.76亿美元)
  • Gross domestic product per capita (nominal) - 人均GDP:  10,146 USD (Comparison: Germany 40,442 USD; USA 48,328 USD) [2011] - 10,146 美元(对比:德国40,442美元; 美国48,328美元)
  • Gross domestic product use - GDP应用: Private consumption 65.2 %; public consumption 11.2 %; gross fixed capital formation; 24.9 %; external contribution -1.3 % - 私人消费 65.2%,公共消费11.2%,设备投资24.9%,贸易逆差1.3%.
  • Gross external debt 对外负债: 209.8 billion USD (Comparison: USA 15.048 billion USD) [2011] - 2,098亿美元(对比:美国为150,480亿美元)
  • Growing niches - 新兴行业: Alternative energy, environmental technology, plastic processing - 新能源、环保技术、塑料加工等。

H

  • Health expenditure (public) -(公共)医疗支出: 5.9 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 10.5 % of GDP; USA 17. 9% of GDP) - GDP的5.9%(对比:德国10.5%,美国17.9%)
  • HIV / AIDS adult prevalence rate - 成年人感染艾滋比例: 0.3 % (about 220,000 people) (Comparison: Germany 0.1 % (about 67,000 people); USA 0.6 % (about 1.2 million people) - 0.3%(约22万人)(对比:德国0.1%,约6.7万人),美国0.6%,约120万人)

I

  • IMMEX program - IMMEX项目: The IMMEX program is an instrument which allows for the export of temporarily imported goods, which are necessary in an industrial process or service destined to the elaboration, transformation or reparation of those goods temporarily imported, to be exempt of the general import tax, the value added tax and in some cases the compensatory quotes. As long as the beneficiary keeps fulfilling both, the requirements that granted the permit in the first place and the obligations acquired by joining the program, the IMMEX effect persists. - IMMEX项目允许通过Maquiladora或IMMEX认证的来料加工企业免增值税及关税进口材料,并在墨西哥境内对其进行加工。加工过的产品(成品或半成品)必须重新出口。引入IMMEX项目旨在吸引国外投资者以及促进墨西哥出口、创造就业机会。
  • Imports - 进口: 350.84 billion USD (Comparison: Germany 1,197.95 billion USD; USA 2,263 billion USD) - 3,508.4亿美元(对比:德国11,979.5亿美元,美国22,630亿美元)
  • Income inequality - 收入差距: Despite the positive economic development, wages are still unbalanced and one out of five Mexicans is considered as poor. - 尽管经济一直在增长,墨西哥的收入不均现象却非常突出,每五个人中就有一个处于贫困线之下。
  • Independence - 独立: The independence was declared on the 16th of September 1810 and recognized by Spain on the 27th of September 1821. - 1810年9月16日宣布独立,1821年9月27日获西班牙承认。
  • Industry - 工业: The manufacturing industry is responsible for around 18.2 % of GDP. Approximately 23.3 % of the workforce is employed in the industry sector. - 加工制造业产值约占GDP的18.2%,23.3%的雇员从事制造业。
  • Infant mortality - 幼儿死亡率: 12.8 deaths of children, which are younger than one year per 1,000 live births. - 一岁以下幼儿死亡率为12.8/1000。
  • Infectious diseases - 传染病: The contagiousness of infectious diseases which are transmitted through food and water, of diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid and of dengue fever is assessed as medium. - 感染各类传染性疾病,如通过食物与水传播的细菌性疾病如腹泻、甲型肝炎、斑疹伤寒和登革热等的风险为“中级”。
  • Inflation - 通货膨胀: 3.25 % (Comparison: Germany 1.7 %; USA 1.6 %) [1/31/2013] - 通胀率为3.25%(对比:德国1.7%,美国1.6%;2013年1月数据)
  • Interest rate - 利息: 6.5 %
  • Internet country code - 互联网国家代码: .mx
  • Internet users - 网民: 362 per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 830 per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 779 per 1,000 inhabitants) - 362/1000居民(对比:德国830,美国779)

L

  • Labor force - 劳动力: 50.01 million people (Comparison: Germany 44.01 million people; USA 154.9 million people) - 5,001万(德国4,401万,美国15,490万)
  • Labor time - 工作时间: The federal labor law provides a maximum working week of 48 hours. - 联邦劳工法规定的每周最多工作时间为48小时。
  • Land boundaries - 国境线: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, USA 3,141 km - 与伯利兹国界线长250km,危地马拉962km,与美国交界的国境线长3,141km.
  • Language - 语言: 92.7 % speak Spanish, 5.7 % speak an indigenous language. - 92.7%的墨西哥国民讲西班牙语,掌握土著语的人占总人口的5.7%.
  • Letter of credit - 信用证: Foreign transactions should be handled through a letter of credit – especially recommended if you do not know your business partner. - 开展国外业务最好使用信用证,特别是还不熟悉业务伙伴时。
  • Level of education - 教育水平: There are significant differences in the level of education. Only 70% of children complete the first six years of primary school, despite a compulsory school attendance. - 教育水平极为参差不齐。尽管有义务教育法规,仍只有70%的儿童完成6年的小学教育。
  • Life expectancy - 人均寿命: Average of 76.66 years (Comparison: Germany 80.19 years; USA 78.49 years) - 人均寿命为76.66岁(对比:德国80.19,美国78.49)
  • Life expectancy (female) - 女性寿命: Average of 79.63 years (Comparison: Germany 82.58 years; USA 81.05 years) - 平均79.63岁(对比:德国82.58,美国81.05)
  • Life expectancy (male) - 男性寿命: Average of 73.85 years (Comparison: Germany 77.93 years; USA 76.05 years) - 平均73.85岁(对比:德国77.93,美国76.05)
  • Literacy - 文化程度: 86.1 % of the population over 15 years can read and write. (Comparison: Germany 99 %; USA 99 %) [2011] - 15岁以上的墨西哥人中,86.1%可以阅读和书写(对比:德国为99%,美国为99%)

M

  • Main export goods - 主要出口商品: Electrical machinery and equipment, vehicles, mineral fuels, mechanical appliances and parts - 电气机械及材料,车辆、矿物燃料、机械设备和部件。
  • Main import goods - 主要进口产品: Electrical machinery and equipment, mechanical appliances and parts, tractors and vehicles, mineral fuels - 电气机械及材料;机械设备及部件,牵引机车及机动车辆、矿物质燃料等。
  • Major cities - 大型城市: Mexico City (19.319 million inhabitants); Guadalajara (4.338 million inhabitants); Monterrey (3.838 million inhabitants); Puebla (2.278 million inhabitants); Tijuana (1.629 million inhabitants) - 墨西哥城(193.19万人);瓜达拉哈拉(433.8万人)蒙特利(383.8万人);普埃布拉(227.8万人);蒂华纳(162.9万人)
  • Marriage - 婚姻: 4.9 marriages per 1,000 inhabitants - 每1000居民中有4.9桩婚姻
  • Maya - 玛雅: The Maya came originally from the highland of Guatemala and migrated to Mexico in 1,000 BC. Up until now there are numerous beautiful temple pyramids of the Mayas. - 玛雅人起源于危地马拉高原,公元前1,000年左右迁徙进入墨西哥。直至今日,墨西哥各地仍有许多壮丽的玛雅金字塔。
  • Membership in organizations - 参与的国际组织机构: Latin American Integration Association, UN specialized agencies, WTO, World Bank, the IDB, NAFTA, OAS, OECD, IATA - 联合国及其下属机构、WTO(世贸组织)、世界银行、IDB(美洲开发银行)、NAFTA(北美自由贸易协议)、ALADI(拉美一体化协会)、OAS(美洲国家组织)、OECE(经合组织)、IATA(国际航空运输协会)等。
  • Military - 军事: Annual spending about 0.5 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 1.5 % of GDP; USA 4.06 % of GDP) - 每年支出约占GDP的0.5%(对比:德国1.5%,美国4.06%)
  • Military service - 兵役: General conscription – the selection is made through a lottery system. The military service lasts for 12 months (4 hours per week). - 普及兵役制:兵役由抽签决定,时间为12个月(每周4小时)。
  • Mining industry - 采矿: Approximately 10.1 % of GDP - 约占GDP的10.1%
  • Minimum wage - 最低工资: The minimum salary depends on the geographical area and can vary between 61.38 and 64.76 pesos / net daily. - 最低工资标准各地并不相同,通常在每日税后收入61.38-64.76比索之间。
  • Mobile phones - 移动电话: 824 per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 1,323 per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 1,059 per 1,000 inhabitants) - 每1,000人拥有824部移动电话(对比:德国1,323,美国1,059)
  • Mortality rate - 死亡率: 5.7 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants - 每1000居民中有5.7例死亡。
  • Mortality rate of mothers - 产妇死亡率: 50 deaths per 100,000 live births - 每出生100,000婴儿有50名产妇死亡。
  • Mortality men / women - 男性/女性死亡率: 129.2 male deaths per 100 female deaths - 男女死亡比率大致为129.2:100.
  • Most important trading partners - 最重要的贸易伙伴: Import: USA, China, Japan, South Korea, Germany, Canada; Export: USA, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Brazil - 进口:美国,中国,日本,韩国,德国,加拿大; 出口:美国,加拿大,中国,哥伦比亚,西班牙,巴西。

N

  • National anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano – song/music Francisco Gonzalez BOCANEGAR / Jaime Nuno ROCA -《墨西哥国歌》,词/曲: Francisco Gonzalez BOCANEGAR / Jaime Nuno ROCA
  • National symbol - 国徽: Golden eagle - 金雕
  • New borrowings - 年度新增债务: 3.4 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 4.1 % of GDP; USA 10.1 % of GDP) [2011] - GDP的3.4%(对比:德国为GDP的4.1%,美国为10.1%)
  • Newspapers - 报纸: El Norte, El Universal, La Jornada, Reforma, El Excelsior, Novedades, El Financiero, El Economista -《北方报》(El Norte)、《环球》(El Universal)、《日报》( La Jornada)、《改革报》(Reforma)、《领先报》( El Excelsior)、《新闻》(Novedades)、 《财经报》(El Financiero)、《经济学人》(El Economista)等。

O

  • Obesity – adult prevalence rate - 成人肥胖率: 23.6 % (Comparison: Germany 12.9 %; USA 33.9 %) - 23.6%(对比:德国12.9%,美国33.9%)
  • Oil - 石油: Dependency on the oil export is about 35 % of the household. - 财政预算35%左右仰仗石油的出口。

P

  • Parties - 党派: The three largest parties in Mexico are: PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional), PAN (Partido Acción Nacional) und PRD (Partido de la Revolución Democrática) - 墨西哥最大的三个政党为:PRI(革命制度党)、PAN(国家行动党)和PRD(革命民主党)
  • Petrol prices at the gas station - 汽油价格: USD 0.867 per liter [2/19/2013] - 0.867美元/升(2013年2月19日)
  • Physician density - 人均拥有医生比率: 2.893 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 3.531 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 2.672 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants) - 2.983‰(对比:德国3.531‰,美国2.672‰)
  • Political system - 政治制度: Mexico has been a democratic, federal republic with a bicameral legislature (House and Senate) since 1867. - 自1867年起,墨西哥政体为民主联邦共和国,采用两院制(众议院和参议院)。
  • Polity - 政体: Mexico consists of 31 states and a federal district (Distrito Federal). - 墨西哥共有由31个联邦州和一个直辖市(Distrito Federal)。
  • Population - 人口: 114.98 million inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 81.306 million inhabitants; USA 313.8474 million inhabitants) [July 2012] - 居民11,498万(对比:德国8,130.6万,美国31,384.74万)
  • Population below the poverty line - 贫困线以下人口: 51.3 % (based on the food-oriented definition of poverty) - 51.3%(贫困线的定义以食物为主要指标)
  • Population density - 人口密度: 57.5 inhabitants per square kilometer (Comparison: Germany 204.5 inhabitants per square kilometer; USA 31.1 inhabitants per square kilometer) - 57.5人/平方公里(对比:德国204.5人/平方公里,美国31.1人/平方公里)
  • Population growth - 人口增长率: Approximately 1.086 % (Comparison: Germany -0.2 %; USA 0.9 %) [2012] - 约为1.086%(对比:德国为-0.2%,美国为0.9%)
  • President - 总统: Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI) [since 12/1/2012] - 恩里克·佩尼亚·涅托(PRI)[2012年12月1日至今]
  • Presumption of innocence - 无罪推定: In Mexico someone is considered guilty until proven innocent. - 在墨西哥,有证据证明嫌疑犯无罪之前,此人被视作有罪。
  • Proper name - 全称: United States of Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) - 墨西哥合众国(Estados Unidos Mexicanos)
  • Protected territories - 保护区: 11.1 % of the land area (Comparison: Germany 40.5 % of the land area; USA 12.4 % of the land area) - 国土面积的11.1%(对比:德国40.5%,美国12.4%)
  • Public debt - 国家债务: 37.5 % of GDP - GDP的37.5%
  • Public holidays - 节假日
    • January 1st, 2013– New Year (by law) - 1月1日 - 新年(2013年,法定节假日)
    • February 4th, 2013 – Day of the Mexican constitution (by law) - 2月4日–墨西哥宪法纪念日(2013年,法定节假日)
    • March 18th, 2013 – Birth of Benito Juárez (by law) - 3月18日–贝尼托·胡亚雷斯诞辰(2013年,法定节假日)
    • March 28th, 2013 – Holy Thursday (not by law, companies can decide) - 3月28日–濯足节(2013年,非法定节日,企业可自行决定是否放假)
    • March 29th, 2013 – Good Friday (not by law, companies can decide) - 3月29日–耶稣受难节(2013年,非法定节日,企业可自行决定是否放假)
    • May 1st, 2013 – Labor day (by law) - 5月1日–劳动节(2013年,法定节假日)
    • September 16th, 2013 – Mexican independence day (by law) - 9月16日–墨西哥独立纪念日(2013年,法定节假日)
    • November 18th, 2013 – Mexican revolution (by law) - 11月18日–墨西哥革命纪念日(2013年,法定节假日)
    • December 1st, 2013 – every six years, to the transmission of the federal executive (by law) - 12月1日–每6年1次,联邦政府换届交接(2013年,法定节假日)
    • December 25th, 2013 – Christmas (by law) - 12月25日,圣诞节(2013年,法定节假日)
  • Public investment - 公共支出: Approximately 2.7 % of GDP [2012] - 约占GDP的2.7%(2012年数据)

R

  • Rainy season - 雨季: From May to October - 每年的五月至十月。
  • Raw materials - 自然资源(工业原材料): Oil, natural gas, zinc, salt, silver, copper, fluorite, mercury, bismuth, antimony, cadmium, manganese, phosphates, uranium - 石油、天然气、锌、盐、银、铜、氟石、水银、铋、锑、镉、锰、磷酸矿、铀等。
  • Reforms - 改革: Reforms are necessary in the areas of taxes, energy, education as well as labor- and competition law. - 税收、能源、教育培训以及劳工及竞争权益等方面亟需改革。
  • Relation weddings – divorce - 离婚率: 16 divorces per 100 weddings - 每100对夫妇中有16对离婚。
  • Relation men – women - 男女比例: 95 men per 100 women - 男女比例为95:100
  • Religion - 宗教: 76.5 % Roman Catholic, 5.2 % Protestant, 18.3 % other denominations - 76.5%信仰罗马天主教,5.2%信仰新教,18.3%信仰其它宗教。
  • Research and Development - 科研: Mexico has a really low research rate and spends only 0.37 % of GDP on research and development. (Comparison: Germany 2.5 % of GDP; USA 2.6 % of GDP) - 墨西哥的科研投入比例很低,仅占GDP的0.37%(对比:德国2.5%,美国2.6%)
  • Retirement benefits (public spending) 养老(公共支出): 1.3 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany: 11.4 % of GDP; USA 6.0 % of GDP) - GDP的1.3%(对比:德国为11.4%,美国为6.0%)

S

  • Security - 安全: The security situation in Mexico is difficult. Therefore some simple precautions must be followed: - 墨西哥的安全状况不容乐观,因此需要注意遵守一些安全方面的准则:
    • Do not leave objects of value visible in the car - 不要将贵重物品留在车中
    • Do not take hitchhikers - 不要搭顺风车
    • Only drive with looked doors and closed windows at night - 夜间行车必须锁紧车门并关闭车窗
    • Avoid to wear expensive jewellery or watches - 不要佩戴贵重首饰或手表
    • Avoid to get money at ATMs at night - 避免夜间使用ATM取款
    • Monitor the scan of your credit card - 谨慎使用信用卡
    • Avoid deserted places at night - 夜间不要去无人地带
  • Service sector - 服务业: Approximately 62.4 % of employees are active in the service sector. - 约有62.4%的雇员在服务行业工作。
  • State secretary  - 国务卿(外交部长): José Antonio Meade Kuribreña (since December 2012) - 何塞·安东尼奥·梅亚德·库里布雷尼亚(José Antonio Meade Kuribreña)(2012年12月至今)
  • Suffrage - 选举权: 18 years - 年满18岁即获得选举权。
  • Summer / Winter time - 夏令时/冬令时: The summer time starts in Mexico on the first Sunday in April (one week after Europe) and ends on the last Sunday in October (same day as in Europe). (On the 04/07/2013 at 03:00:00 and on the 10/27/2013 at 01:59:59) - 墨西哥的夏令时从四月的第一个星期天开始(比欧洲晚一周),十月的最后一个星期天结束(与欧洲相同)。(如2013年4月7日03:00:00开始,2013年10月27日01::59:59结束)
  • Supermarkets - 超市: Supermarkets are open from Monday to Sunday.Often promotional booths in the supermarkets are available for (new) products. - 超市营业时间为一周七天。新产品上市时超市中经常会使用促销摊位进行宣传。
 

T

  • Taxation - 税收:
    • Value added tax (IVA) - 营业税(IVA): Generally16 % - In areas up to 20 km from the border, the sales tax rate is 11 %. - 一般为16%;距国境20公里之内区域,营业税为11%.
    • Corporate tax (Impuesto Empresarial a Tasa Unica, IETU) - 企业税: The Corporate tax was introduced in 2008, additionally to the income tax. The tax rate is 17.5 %. The tax charge is based on the positive cash flow. - 2008年作为所得税的补充税项引入。税收比例为正现金流的17.5%.
    • Real estate transfer tax (Impuesto sobre Adquisición de Inmuebles) - 土地购买税: 2 % of the duty of the land (in Monterrey) - 蒙特利地区为可征税地价的2%.
    • Real estate tax (Impuesto predial) - 地产税: The percentage of the tax is progressive and cumulative and varies between 0.2 % up to 1 %. The percentage depends on the value of the property. - 该税费与不动产价值挂钩,征税比例为累进制,费率在0.2%-1%之间。
    • Rate of corporation tax (Tasa del Impuesto sobre la Renta) - 法人税: For legal entities 29 % [since 2013] - 针对企业法人,比例为29%[自2013年起]
    • Special tax (Impuesto special) - 特殊税: Between 25 % - 50 % (e.g. on alcoholic beverages) - 25%-50%之间(例:针对酒类的税收)
    • Withholding tax (Retención a cuenta) - 源头税: The withholding tax is deducted for many reasons. The most common reasons are: - 征收源头税可以通过多种方式,最常见的有:
      • i.     10 % for professional services - 10% 专业服务
      • ii.     10 % for real estate leasing - 10%不动产-租赁
      • iii.     4 % on freight - 4%货运
      • iv.     VAT for professional services, real estate leasing, commissions (2/3 of the tax is redistributed)-  针对专业服务、不动产租赁、佣金的增值税(其中三分之二的税收被重新分配)。
  • Taxes and other revenues - 税收及其它财政收入: 23.2 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 44.9 % of GDP; USA 15.7 % of GDP) - GDP的23.2%(对比:德国44.9%,美国15.7%)
  • Taxis - 出租车: To avoid difficulties (robberies, kidnappings...) it is recommended to drive exclusively in authorized taxis (taxi stand, call a taxi). The costs per kilometer lie between 5 – 8 pesos. The starting price per taxi is about 10 pesos. The price varies slightly from state to state. (For a 30 km drive you have to pay about 200 pesos in Monterrey) - 为防不测(抢劫、劫持等),建议乘坐正规出租车(出租车停靠点,电话预定出租车等)。每公里费用在5-8比索。起步价约为10比索。各地出租车价位不同(在蒙特利市打车行驶30公里,费用大约为200比索)。
  • Tequila - 龙舌兰酒: Tequila is Mexico’s national drink and is made out of fermented agave juice in a small region in western Mexico. The alcohol content is between 38 % and 40 %. - 龙舌兰酒是墨西哥的国饮,产于墨西哥西部一个面积较小的地区,使用芦荟汁发酵酿造。酒精含量为38%-40%.
  • Tequila crisis - 龙舌兰危机: Tequila crisis is the term for Mexico’s peso crisis taking place in 1994/1995. The peso crisis ultimately led to an economic crisis. The government was not able to maintain the fixed peso exchange rate against the US dollar. Foreign investors stayed away and as a result the monetary crisis ended in an economic crisis. - 指墨西哥1994/1995年出现的比索危机,政府无法维持比索对美元的固定汇率,外资流失,货币危机最后发展成经济危机。
  • Time zone - 时区: Central European Time (CET) -7 to -9 hours. - 比中欧时区(MEZ)晚7到9个小时
  • Tip - 小费: Between 10 % - 15 % - 在10%-15%之间。
  • Tourism - 旅游业: About 20 million tourists come to Mexico every year. In 2010 the tourist revenue was 12,417 million USD, which is about 1.2 % of GDP. - 墨西哥每年接待游客2,000万人次。2010年国际旅游业收入为1,241.7万美元,约占GDP的1.2%.
  • Traffic - 交通: Especially in the major cities people have to get used to traffic and traffic jams. Furthermore it has to be taken into account that red traffic lights are often ignored by drivers and pedestrians (especially at night). Therefore it is important to drive carefully as nothing is predictable on Mexico’s roads. - 大城市交通十分拥挤,堵车现象严重。车辆和行人无视红灯(尤其是夜间)的情况时有发生,市内交通险象环生,因此驾驶时需时刻注意。
  • Transportation - 交通运输: The domestic transportation by trucks is quite expensive even for European standards. Therefore it is recommended to deliver the goods to the closest harbor by sea. - 墨西哥的内陆货车运输即便相对欧洲标准而言也稍显昂贵,推荐将货物海运至就近的港口。

U

  • Unemployment rate - 失业率: The official unemployment rate is 4.8 % according to INEGI [2012] (the unofficial unemployment rate come up to 25 % according to estimates) (Comparison: Germany 6.5 %; USA 8.2 %) - 根据INGEI官方数据,失业率为4.8%[2012] (非官方估计失业率约为25%)(对比:德国约6.5%,美国8.2%)
  • Urban population - 城市人口: 77.8 % - 占人口总数的77.8 %。
  • USA (dependency) - 美国(依赖性): Strong dependency on the American market (about 80 % of exports) - 墨西哥极其依赖美国市场(约占总出口额的80%)。

V

  • Vaccinations - 注射疫苗: There are no compulsory vaccinations if you enter Mexico. (Except: yellow fever if you are coming from an infected area) - 入境时并无疫苗接种规定(来自黄热病感染地区的旅客除外)。
  • Vehicles - 小汽车: 191 per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 573.03 per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 439 per 1,000 inhabitants) - 每1000居民拥有小汽车191辆(对比:德国573.03,美国439)
  • Vehicle plates -  汽车牌照: MEX
  • Violent deaths - 暴力死亡率: 12.8 % of the total number of deaths are violent deaths - 占死亡总数的12.8%。
Thursday, 09 October 2014 00:00

Méxicon

Méxicon

México no es sólo el país en el que se encuentra nuestra planta de producción; nuestra pasión también nos une a este maravilloso país. Como compañía, y también como persona privada, estamos convencidos de que México tiene posibilidades ilimitadas y un gran potencial inagotable para ofrecer. Con la finalidad de obtener los beneficios óptimos de este potencial a su favor, contestamos a sus preguntas en cualquier momento y damos apoyo adicional a través de nuestros conceptos EuRepMex y RavenCluster.

Por favor, póngase en contacto con nosotros en caso de tener preguntas o necesita información acerca de la bibliografía.

A

  • Abonados de teléfonos móviles: 824 por cada 1,000 habitantes (Comparación: Alemania 1,323 por cada 1,000 personas, EE.UU. 1,059 por cada 1,000 habitantes)
  • Aceite: La dependencia de las exportaciones de petróleo es alrededor del 35 % del presupuesto
  • Acuerdos de libre comercio: Existen acuerdos de libre comercio con 44 países (así la dependencia de los Estados Unidos se reduce)
  • Aduana: Se paga el impuesto general de importación cuando se importen productos. Además se puede incurrir el IVA y un impuesto especial sobre productos determinados.
  • Aeropuertos: Hay 1,724 aeropuertos en México.
  • Agua potable: 96 % de las zonas urbanas y el 87 % de la población rural tiene acceso al agua potable.
  • Alfabetismo: 86,1 % de la población mayor de 15 años puede leer y escribir (Comparación: Alemania 99 %, EE.UU. 99 %) [2011]
  • Productos agrícolas: Maíz, trigo, cebada, arroz, frijoles, papas, café, algodón, caña de azúcar, frutas, tomates, ganadería, pesca
  • Agricultura: Corresponde aprox. el 3.8 % del PIB. Aprox. el 13.6 % de la población activa trabaja en la agricultura.
  • Alimentos: Tortillas, mole, tamales, tacos, enchiladas
  • Área: 1,964,375 km² (Comparación: Alemania 357,022 km²; EE.UU. 9,826,675 km²)
  • Áreas protegidas: 11.1 % de la superficie terrestre (Comparación: Alemania 40.5 % de la superficie terrestre; EE.UU. 12.4 % de la superficie terrestre)
  • Asistencia obligatoria a la escuela: De 6 - 14 años
  • Autobuses: Los autobuses públicos se paran si tienes el brazo extendido a la vera del camino. Para viajes más largos, los autobuses de primer nivel son recomendados, tales como ADO, Futura, ETN o Estrella Blanca.
  • Sector automotriz: La industria automotriz está aumentando rápidamente y se está convirtiendo en una de las industrias más importantes de México. Del mismo modo, la fuerte demanda en el sector automotriz es crucial para el crecimiento económico extraordinario. México es una base importante de producción para la industria automotriz a nivel global. Nissan, Ford, Honda, Volkswagen, Chrysler, Fiat, General Motors, Mazda y Toyota tienen plantas en México. Audi y BMW están planeando asimismo establecer plantas en México. En particular, los bajos costos laborales y la proximidad estratégica a los productores en México y los Estados Unidos sugieren una planta en México. La producción de vehículos en México ha alcanzado un máximo histórico en enero de 2013. En enero, 242.855 unidades fueron producidas (+19,8 % respecto a enero de 2012). México se encuentra actualmente en la quinta posición mundial con respecto a las exportaciones de automóviles y ocupa el octavo lugar en la producción de automóviles. Un aumento adicional es esperado.
  • Automóvil de turismo: 191 por cada 1,000 habitantes (Comparación: Alemania 573.03 por cada 1,000 habitantes, EE.UU. 439 por cada 1,000 habitantes)
  • Aztecas: Los aztecas fueron la última civilización en México Central y adoptaron muchos elementos de la cultura de los toltecas. Los sacrificios humanos eran el centro de la religión azteca.

B

  • Sistema bancario: En el sistema bancario mexicano uno debe que distinguir entre los bancos comerciales (en propiedad privada) y los bancos de desarrollo (instituciones del estado).
    • Bancos más grandes: BANAMEX, HSBC, BANORTE, SCOTIABANK; BBVA-BANCOMER y SANTANDER-SERFIN
    • Banco Central (Banco de México): El sistema bancario de México se ha demostrado muy estable en tiempos de crisis y se caracteriza por una sólida posición de liquidez. En 1994, el Banco Central recibió un estatuto de autonomía.
  • Bandera: Colores: verde, blanco, rojo: El escudo de armas mexicano (un águila con una serpiente en su pico sentado en un cactus) se centra en la banda blanca.

C

  • Capital: Ciudad de México
  • Clima: El clima se divide en estaciones secas y húmedas. (Temporada seca de noviembre a mayo). En el norte es común tener inviernos fríos y veranos calurosos y secos (por ejemplo Monterrey. El sur tropical es caliente y húmedo durante todo el año.
  • Ciudades más importantes: Ciudad de México (19.319 mil millones de habitantes); Guadalajara (4.338 mil millones de habitantes); Monterrey (3.838 mil millones de habitantes); Puebla (2.278 mil millones de habitantes); Tijuana (1.629 mil millones de habitantes)
  • Código del país: +52
  • Coordenadas geográficas: 23 00 N, 102 00 W
  • Corrupción: Representa un tipo delictivo criminal. (En casos de corrupción cometida en el extranjero también es procesable en Austria). Por desgracia, la realidad es diferente y la corrupción varía desde la policía de tránsito, hasta los más altos cargos políticos.
  • Costos de electricidad: Aprox. 0.11 USD por kWh
  • Crecimiento de la población: Aprox. 1,086 % (Comparación: Alemania -0,2 %, EE.UU. 0,9 %) [2012]
  • Crisis Tequila: Crisis Tequila es la expresión de la crisis del peso, que aguantó México durante 1994/1995 y que culminó en una crisis económica. El gobierno no fue capaz de mantener el tipo de cambio fijo del peso frente al dólar EE.UU.. Los inversionistas extranjeros se ausentaron y la crisis monetaria terminó en una crisis económica.

D

  • Densidad de población: 57,5 habitantes por kilómetro cuadrado (Comparación: Alemania 204,5 habitantes por kilómetro cuadrado; EE.UU. 31,1 habitantes por kilómetro cuadrado)
  • Densidad médica: 2,893 médicos por cada 1.000 habitantes (Comparación: Alemania 3,531 por cada 1.000 habitantes, EE.UU. 2,672 por cada 1.000 habitantes)
  • Derecho electoral: 18 años
  • Desarrollo económico: El crecimiento económico en 2012 fue del 4 % del PIB; las exportaciones fueron decisivas.
  • Deuda: 37.5 % del PIB
  • Deuda externa bruta: 209,8 mil millones USD (Comparación: EE.UU. 15,048 mil millones USD) [2011]
  • Diferencias de ingresos: A pesar del desarrollo económico positivo, los salarios son muy desequilibrados y una de cada cinco mexicanos es clasificado como pobre.
  • Dimensiones y peso: En México existe el sistema métrico decimal. Ejemplos: Unidad de longitud metro [m], unidad de masa kilogramo [kg], Unidad de las fuerzas Newton [N], Tiempo [s]
  • Reservas de divisas: Aprox. 161 mil millones USD
  • Dólar: El peso mexicano está fuertemente orientado al dólar.
  • Guerra contra las drogas: La guerra contra las drogas es un tema presente en México, y también está vinculada a la difícil situación de seguridad. El departamento de investigación en crimen Buscaglia estima que los cárteles de droga llegan a una cifra anual de ventas de más de 100 mil millones de dólares. Esto representa casi el 10 % del producto interno bruto de México.

E

  • E-Business: En 2011, la cifra anual de ventas de 3,6 mil millones USD fue generada. Las compras en línea se utiliza principalmente por el nivel de ingresos superior (20 % de la población).
  • Edad promedio: 26 años (Comparación: Alemania 45,3 años; EE.UU. 37,1 años)
  • Gasto en educación: 4,8 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 4,5 %, EE.UU. 5,5 %)
  • Nivel educativo: En el ámbito de la educación existen diferencias significativas. Sólo el 70 % de los niños terminan los seis primeros años de la escuela primaria, a pesar de que existe la enseñanza obligatoria.
  • EE.UU. (dependencia): Fuerte dependencia del mercado americano (alrededor del 80% de las exportaciones)
  • Nuevo endeudamiento anual: 3.4 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 4.1 % del PIB; EE.UU. 10.1 % del PIB) [2011]
  • Costos de electricidad: Aprox. 0.11 USD por kWh
  • Energía eléctrica: Básicamente 110 V CA (corriente alterna) y 60 Hz. La industria está familiarizada con corriente trifásico (220 V por fase).
  • Enfermedades infecciosas: El contagio de las enfermedades infecciosas que se transmiten a través de alimentos y agua, son la diarrea bacteriana, hepatitis A, la fiebre tifoidea y la fiebre del dengue, y se evalúa como medio.
  • Entrada para los ciudadanos de la UE: Ciudadanos de la UE están autorizados a permanecer con una visa de turista para 180 días en México. Una vez adentro, se distingue entre "inmigrantes" y "no inmigrantes".
  • Esperanza de vida: Promedio de 76.66 años (Comparación: Alemania 80.19 años, EE.UU. 78.49 años)
  • Esperanza de vida: hombres - Promedio de 73.85 años (Comparación: Alemania 77.93 años, EE.UU. 76.05 años)
  • Esperanza de vida: mujeres - Promedio de 79.63 años (Comparación: Alemania 82.58 años, EE.UU. 81.05 años)
  • Estructura de edades: 0-14 años: 28,2 %, 15-64 años: 65,2 %, 65 años y más 6,6 %
  • Grupos Étnicos: 60 % mestizos, 30 % indígenas, 9 % europeos
  • EUR1: Por el tratado de libre comercio entre la UE y México, el origen europeo de los productos se debe de demostrar por medio de certificado EUR1, con el fin de obtener tarifas aduaneras reducidas.
  • Exportaciones: 349,7 mil millones USD (Comparación: Alemania 1,415.53 mil millones USD; EE.UU. 1,480.0 mil millones USD)
  • Exportación de petróleo crudo: 1.299 millones de barriles por día

F

  • Días festivos:
    • 1. Enero - Año Nuevo (conforme a la ley 2013)
    • 5. Febrero - el día de la Constitución Mexicana (conforme a la ley 2013)
    • 18. Marzo - nacimiento de Benito Juárez (conforme a la ley 2013)
    • 28. Marzo - Jueves Santo (no es un día festivo, las empresas pueden decidir)
    • 29. Marzo - Viernes Santo (no es un día festivo, las empresas pueden decidir)
    • 1. Mayo - Día del Trabajo (conforme a la ley 2013)
    • 16. Septiembre - Día de la Independencia de México (conforme a la ley 2013)
    • 20. Noviembre - Revolución Mexicana (conforme a la ley 2013)
    • 1. Diciembre – celebrado cada seis años para la transferencia del poder ejecutivo federal (conforme a la ley 2013)
    • 25. Diciembre - Navidad (conforme a la ley 2013)
  • Forma de gobierno: México tiene 31 estados y un distrito federal.
  • Fronteras: Belice 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, EE.UU. 3.141 km
  • Fuerza Laboral: 50,01 millones de personas (comparación: Alemania 44.01 millones de personas, 154.9 millones de personas de Estados Unidos)
 
 

G

  • Precio de gasolina de la bomba de gas: $ 0,867 por litro [19/02/2013]
  • Gasto en educación: 4,8 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 4,5 %, EE.UU. 5,5 %)
  • Gastos en salud (público): 5.9 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 10.5 % del PIB; EE.UU. 17.9 % del PIB)
  • Forma de gobierno: México tiene 31 estados y un distrito federal.
  • Grupos Étnicos: 60 % mestizos, 30 % indígenas, 9 % europeos
  • Guerra contra las drogas: La guerra contra las drogas es un tema presente en México, y también está vinculada a la difícil situación de seguridad. El departamento de investigación en crimen Buscaglia estima que los cárteles de droga llegan a una cifra anual de ventas de más de 100 mil millones de dólares. Esto representa casi el 10 % del producto interno bruto de México.

 

H

  • Himno nacional: Himno Nacional Mexicano - Canción / Música Francisco González BOCANEGRA / Jaime Nuno ROCA
  • Horario de verano / invierno: En México el horario de verano comienza el primer domingo de abril (una semana más tarde que en Europa). El horario de verano termina el último domingo de octubre (el mismo día que en Europa). (El 07.04.2013 a las 3:00:00 y el 27.10.2013 a las 01:59:59)
  • Horas de trabajo: La Ley Federal de Trabajo establece una semana laboral máxima de 48 horas semanales.

I

  • Idioma: 92.7 % habla español, 5.7 % habla lenguas indígenas.
  • Idioma de negocios: Español; además del español también el Inglés es muy utilizado como idioma de negocios.
  • IMMEX: El programa IMMEX permite a una maquiladora o una empresa certificada por IMMEX la importación temporal de bienes libres de impuestos y de IVA, así como la posibilidad de procesarlos en territorio nacional mexicano. Los productos transformados deberán ser re-exportados como productos finales o intermedios. El programa IMMEX ofrece un incentivo para los inversionistas extranjeros, así como para aumentar las exportaciones mexicanas y el empleo.
  • Importaciones: 35.84 mil millones USD (Comparación: Alemania 1,197.95 mil millones USD; EE.UU. 2,263 mil millones USD)
  • Impuestos y otros ingresos: 23.2 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 44.9 % del PIB; EE.UU. 15.7 % del PIB)
  • Impuestos
    • Impuesto al valor agregado (IVA): Básicamente 16 %. En las zonas de 20 kilómetros lejanas de la frontera, la tasa de impuesto sobre las ventas es del 11 %.
    • Impuesto Empresarial a Tasa Única, IETU: Fue introducido en 2008 como un suplemento al impuesto sobre la renta. La tasa del impuesto es del 17.5 %. El cargo por impuesto se basa en el flujo de caja positivo.
    • Impuesto sobre adquisición de inmuebles: 2 % del valor del suelo imponible / hipotecable (en Monterrey)
    • Impuesto predial: El porcentaje del impuesto es acumulado progresivamente y varía entre 0.2 % a 1 %. El porcentaje depende del valor de la propiedad.
    • Tasa del impuesto sobre la renta: Para las personas jurídicas 29 % [desde 2013]
    • Impuesto especial: Entre 25 % - 50 %. (Por ejemplo: bebidas alcohólicas)
    • Retención a cuenta: La retención a cuenta se retiene por muchas razones. Las más comunes son:
      • i. 10 % para servicios profesionales
      • ii. 10 % de los bienes raíces - arrendamiento
      • iii. 4 % para el tráfico de mercancías
      • iv. IVA sobre los servicios profesionales, bienes raíces – arrendamiento, comisiones (2/3 del impuesto se redistribuye)
  • Independencia: Declarada el 16 de septiembre 1810 y reconocida el 27 de septiembre 1821 por España.
  • Índice de mortalidad: 5.7 muertes por cada 1,000 habitantes
  • Índice de mortalidad de las madres: 50 muertes por cada 100,000 nacidos vivos
  • Índice de mortalidad de los hombres / de las mujeres: 129.2 defunciones de hombres por cada 100 defunciones de mujeres
  • Industria: La industria manufacturera corresponde aproximadamente un 18.2 % del PIB. Aprox. 23.3 % de la población activa trabaja en el sector de industria.
  • Inflación: 3.25 % (Comparación: Alemania 1.7 %; EE.UU. 1.6 %) [Enero 2013]
  • Diferencias de ingresos: A pesar del desarrollo económico positivo, los salarios son muy desequilibrados y una de cada cinco mexicanos es clasificado como pobre.
  • Intereses moratorios para las transacciones comerciales: La tasa de interés de mora fijada por la ley para las transacciones comerciales es de 6 % anual.
  • Internet - código de país: .mx
  • Usuarios de Internet: 362 por cada 1,000 habitantes (Comparación: Alemania 830 por cada 1,000 habitantes; EE.UU. 779 por cada 1,000 habitantes)
  • Inversiones (netas, públicas y privadas): 25.1 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 18.3 % del PIB; EE.UU. 15.5 % del PIB) [2011]
  • Inversión pública: Aprox. 2.7 % del PIB [2012]
  • Investigación y desarrollo: México tiene una tasa de investigación muy baja y gasta el 0,37 % del PIB en investigación y desarrollo. (Comparación: Alemania 2,5 % del PIB; EE.UU.) 2,6 % del PIB)

M

  • Materias primas: Petróleo, gas natural, zinc, sal, plata, cobre, fluorita, mercurio, bismuto, antimonio, cadmio, manganeso, fosfatos, uranio.
  • Matriculación de vehículos / Placa: MEX
  • Mayas: Los mayas vinieron de las tierras altas de Guatemala e inmigraron el año 1,000 BC a México. Hasta la fecha, existen hermosos y números templos piramidales de los mayas.
  • Densidad médica: 2,893 médicos por cada 1.000 habitantes (Comparación: Alemania 3,531 por cada 1.000 habitantes, EE.UU. 2,672 por cada 1.000 habitantes)
  • Militar: El gasto anual de milicia es de 0.5 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 1.5 % del PIB, EE.UU. 4.06 % del PIB)
  • Minería: Consiste en aproximadamente un 10,1 % del PIB
  • Moneda: Peso mexicano (MXN)
  • Índice de mortalidad: 5.7 muertes por cada 1,000 habitantes Mortalidad de los niños. 12.8 muertes de niños de menores que un año por cada 1,000 nacidos vivos
  • Índice de mortalidad de las madres: 50 muertes por cada 100,000 nacidos vivos
  • Índice de mortalidad de los hombres / de las mujeres: 129.2 defunciones de hombres por cada 100 defunciones de mujeres
  • Muertes violentas: 12.8 % del total de las muertes son muertes violentas

N

  • Natalidad: 18.87 por cada 1,000 habitantes (Comparación: Alemania 8.33 por 1,000 habitantes; EE.UU. 13.7 por 1,000 habitantes)
  • Nichos creciendo: La energía alternativa, tecnología ambiental, procesamiento de plásticos
  • Nivel educativo: En el ámbito de la educación existen diferencias significativas. Sólo el 70 % de los niños terminan los seis primeros años de la escuela primaria, a pesar de que existe la enseñanza obligatoria.
  • Nivel de presupuesto: 295.2 mil millones USD
  • Nombre propio: Estados Unidos Mexicanos
  • Nuevo endeudamiento anual: 3.4 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 4.1 % del PIB; EE.UU. 10.1 % del PIB) [2011]
  • Nupcias: 4.9 matrimonios por cada 1,000 habitantes

O

  • Obesidad - tasa de prevalencia adulta: 23.6 % (Comparación: Alemania 12.9 %; EE.UU. 33.9 %)
  • Oportunidades de negocio: Oportunidades prometedoras se ven sobre todo en la exportación tradicional de maquinaria, el sector de plásticos, embalajes y automotriz. A largo plazo, particularmente el área de las energías alternativas y ambientales presenta oportunidades prometedoras.
  • Pertenencia a organizaciones internacionales: Naciones Unidas y sus organismos especializados, la OMC, el Banco Mundial, el BID, el TLCAN, la ALADI, OEA, OCDE, IATA

P

  • Partidos: Los tres principales partidos políticos en México: PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional), PAN (Partido Acción Nacional) y el PRD (Partido de la Revolución Democrática)
  • Pensiones (gasto público): 1,3 % del PIB (en comparación: Alemania 11,4 % del PIB, EE.UU. 6,0 % del PIB)
  • Periódicos: El Norte, El Universal, La Jornada, Reforma, El Excelsior, Novedades, El Financiero, El Economista
  • Pertenencia a organizaciones internacionales: Naciones Unidas y sus organismos especializados, la OMC, el Banco Mundial, el BID, el TLCAN, la ALADI, OEA, OCDE, IATA
  • Peso y dimensiones: En México existe el sistema métrico decimal. Ejemplos: Unidad de longitud metro [m], unidad de masa kilogramo [kg], Unidad de las fuerzas Newton [N], Tiempo [s]
  • Exportación de petróleo crudo: 1.299 millones de barriles por día
  • Producción de petróleo crudo: 2.934 millones de barriles por día
  • Placa / Matriculación de vehículos: MEX
  • Playas: Las playas más hermosas se encuentran en Tulum, Puerto Escondido, Cancún, Playa del Carmen, Cabo San Lucas, Puerto Vallarta, Akumal, Cozumel, Puerto Aventuras
  • Población: 114,98 millones de habitantes (Comparación: Alemania 81,306 millones de habitantes, Estados Unidos 313,8474 millones de habitantes)
  • Población bajo la línea de pobreza: 51,3 % (basado en la definición de la pobreza orientada en alimentos)
  • Población urbana: 77. 8%
  • Crecimiento de la población: Aprox. 1,086 % (Comparación: Alemania -0,2 %, EE.UU. 0,9 %) [2012]
  • Densidad de población: 57,5 habitantes por kilómetro cuadrado (Comparación: Alemania 204,5 habitantes por kilómetro cuadrado; EE.UU. 31,1 habitantes por kilómetro cuadrado)
  • Política económica: México tiene un sistema económico liberal con una proporción relativamente pequeña de la industria nacionalizada.
  • Sistema político: México es una república democrática federal desde 1867 con un parlamento bicameral (Cámara de Representantes y Senado).
  • Precio de gasolina de la bomba de gas: $ 0,867 por litro [19/02/2013]
  • Presidente: Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI) [desde el 1 de Diciembre 2012]
  • Presunción de inocencia: En México se considera culpable hasta que demuestre su inocencia.
  • Nivel de presupuesto: 295.2 mil millones USD
  • Producto interior bruto (PIB, nom.): 1,154 mil millones (Comparación: Alemania EE.UU. 3,609 mil millones USD; EE.UU. 15,076 mil millones USD) [2011]
  • Producto Interno Bruto per cápita (nominal): 10,146 USD (Comparación: Alemania 40.442 USD; EE.UU. 48.328 USD) [2011]
  • Uso del Producto Interno Bruto: Consumo privado 65,2 %; Consumo público 11,2 %; Formación bruta de capital fijo 24,9 %; Exportaciones netas -1,3 %
  • Productos agrícolas: Maíz, trigo, cebada, arroz, frijoles, papas, café, algodón, caña de azúcar, frutas, tomates, ganadería, pesca
  • Productos de exportación más importantes: Entre otros, maquinaria eléctrica y material, vehículos, combustibles minerales, aparatos mecánicos y piezas.
  • Productos importados más importantes: Entre otros, maquinaria eléctrica y material, aparatos mecánicos y piezas, tractores y vehículos, combustibles minerales.
  • Propina: Entre un 10 % - 15 %
  • Publicidad: Los consumidores mexicanos se basan en el mercado de los EE.UU.. Las empresas invierten más de lo normal en la publicidad y comercialización para anunciar los productos. Sin grandes esfuerzos en este ámbito, el acceso al mercado se considera muy difícil.
  • Puertos comerciales: México cuenta con 24 puertos. El puerto comercial más importante se encuentra en Veracruz.

R

  • Relación hombres - mujeres: 95 hombres por cada 100 mujeres
  • Relación matrimonios-divorcios: 16.0 divorcios por cada 100 matrimonios
  • Religión: 76.5 % católicos, 5.2 % protestantes, 18.3 % otras religiones
  • Reservas de divisas: 149.2 mil millones USD (Comparación: Alemania 244.019 mil millones USD; EE.UU. 148 mil millones USD) [2011]
  • Reservas de divisas: Aprox. 161 mil millones USD
  • Ritual de saludo: Apretones de manos, abrazos y un pequeño beso en la mejilla son las formas más comunes de saludo en México.

S

  • Salario mínimo: El salario mínimo dependerá del área geográfica, y varía entre 64.76 pesos y 61.38 pesos netos por día.
  • Gastos en salud (público): 5.9 % del PIB (Comparación: Alemania 10.5 % del PIB; EE.UU. 17.9 % del PIB)
  • Ritual de saludo: Apretones de manos, abrazos y un pequeño beso en la mejilla son las formas más comunes de saludo en México.
  • Secretario de estado: José Antonio Meade Kuribreña (desde diciembre 2012)
  • Sector automotriz: La industria automotriz está aumentando rápidamente y se está convirtiendo en una de las industrias más importantes de México. Del mismo modo, la fuerte demanda en el sector automotriz es crucial para el crecimiento económico extraordinario. México es una base importante de producción para la industria automotriz a nivel global. Nissan, Ford, Honda, Volkswagen, Chrysler, Fiat, General Motors, Mazda y Toyota tienen plantas en México. Audi y BMW están planeando asimismo establecer plantas en México. En particular, los bajos costos laborales y la proximidad estratégica a los productores en México y los Estados Unidos sugieren una planta en México. La producción de vehículos en México ha alcanzado un máximo histórico en enero de 2013. En enero, 242.855 unidades fueron producidas (+19,8 % respecto a enero de 2012). México se encuentra actualmente en la quinta posición mundial con respecto a las exportaciones de automóviles y ocupa el octavo lugar en la producción de automóviles. Un aumento adicional es esperado.
  • Sector servicios: Aprox. 62,4 % de los empleados son activos en el sector de servicios.
  • Seguridad: En México existe una situación de seguridad difícil. Por lo tanto, se deben tener en cuenta algunas precauciones simples:
    • No dejar objetos de valor a la vista en el auto
    • No aceptar ninguna autostopista
    • Cerrar las puertas en la noche y manejar con las ventanas cerradas
    • Evitar el uso de joyas y relojes llamativos / caros
    • Evitar retirar dinero en los cajeros automáticos de noche
    • Supervisar el escaneo de la tarjeta de crédito
    • Evitar áreas solitarias en la oscuridad
  • Servicio militar obligatorio: Reclutamiento - La selección se hace por sorteo y el reclutamiento y dura 12 meses (4 horas semanales).
  • SIDA / VIH tasa de prevalencia del adulto: 0.3 % (220,000 personas) (Comparación: Alemania 0.1 % (alrededor de 67,000 personas); EE.UU. 0.6 % (1.2 millones de personas)
  • Símbolo nacional: Águilas reales
  • Sistema bancario: En el sistema bancario mexicano uno debe que distinguir entre los bancos comerciales (en propiedad privada) y los bancos de desarrollo (instituciones del estado).
    • Bancos más grandes: BANAMEX, HSBC, BANORTE, SCOTIABANK; BBVA-BANCOMER y SANTANDER-SERFIN
    • Banco Central (Banco de México): El sistema bancario de México se ha demostrado muy estable en tiempos de crisis y se caracteriza por una sólida posición de liquidez. En 1994, el Banco Central recibió un estatuto de autonomía.
  • Sistema político: México es una república democrática federal desde 1867 con un parlamento bicameral (Cámara de Representantes y Senado).
  • Socio comercial más importante: Importaciones: EE.UU., China, Japón, Corea del Sur, Alemania, Canadá; Exportación: EE.UU., Canadá, China, Colombia, España, Brasil
  • Supermercados: Los supermercados están abiertos de lunes a domingo. A menudo se hace soportes publicitarios promocionales en los supermercados para productos (nuevos).
 

T

  • Tasa de desempleo: El desempleo oficial según el INEGI es de 4,8 % (El desempleo oficial se estima en hasta un 25 %) (Comparación: Alemania 6,5 %, EE.UU. 8,2 %) [2012]
  • Tasa de fecundidad: 2.3 nacimientos por mujer (Comparación: Alemania 1.41 nacimientos por mujer; USA 2.06 nacimientos por mujer)
  • Tasa de interés: 6.5 %
  • Tasa de mortalidad fetal: 8.9 nacidos muertos por cada 1,000 nacidos vivos (Comparación: Alemania 3.51 por cada 1,000 nacidos vivos; EE.UU. 6.0 por 1,000 nacidos vivos)
  • Taxi: Para evitar dificultades (robos, secuestros...) se recomienda el traslado en taxis autorizados (estaciones de taxi, taxi de base). Los costos por kilómetro son entre 5 - 8 pesos. El precio de salida por taxi es de 10 pesos. Los precios varían de una ciudad a otra. (Por ejemplo, para una unidad de 30 kilómetros se puede contar con cerca de 200 pesos en Monterrey)
  • Tequila: El tequila es la bebida nacional de México y está hecho de jugo de agave fermentado en una pequeña región del occidente de México. El contenido de alcohol es entre 38 % y 40 %.
  • Crisis Tequila: Crisis Tequila es la expresión de la crisis del peso, que aguantó México durante 1994/1995 y que culminó en una crisis económica. El gobierno no fue capaz de mantener el tipo de cambio fijo del peso frente al dólar EE.UU.. Los inversionistas extranjeros se ausentaron y la crisis monetaria terminó en una crisis económica.
  • Tipo de cambio: 1 EUR = 17.04 MXN / 1 USD = 12.74 MXN [consultado 02/08/2013]
  • Horas de trabajo: La Ley Federal de Trabajo establece una semana laboral máxima de 48 horas semanales.
  • Tráfico: Especialmente en las grandes ciudades se espera una gran cantidad de tráfico y congestión vial. Las luces rojas son ignoradas a menudo (especialmente por la noche) por los conductores y peatones. Por lo tanto, siempre conducir con precaución, ya que el tráfico rodado es imprevisible en México.
  • Transporte: El transporte nacional por camiones es relativamente caro, incluso para los estándares europeos. Por eso se recomienda entregar las mercancías por barco a un puerto cercano.
  • Turismo: Cada año cerca de 20 millones de turistas visitan México. En 2010 los ingresos de turismo internacional montaron 12,417 millones USD y representaron aproximadamente 1.2 % del PIB.

U

  • Uso del Producto Interno Bruto: Consumo privado 65,2 %; Consumo público 11,2 %; Formación bruta de capital fijo 24,9 %; Exportaciones netas -1,3 %
  • Usuarios de Internet: 362 por cada 1,000 habitantes (Comparación: Alemania 830 por cada 1,000 habitantes; EE.UU. 779 por cada 1,000 habitantes)

V

  • Vacunas: A la entrada al país, no hay vacunas obligatorias. (A excepción de la fiebre amarilla si uno viene de un área infectada).
  • VIH / SIDA tasa de prevalencia del adulto: 0.3 % (220,000 personas) (Comparación: Alemania 0.1 % (alrededor de 67,000 personas); EE.UU. 0.6 % (1.2 millones de personas)

Z

  • Zona horaria: Hora de Europa Central (CET) -7 a -9 horas.
Thursday, 09 October 2014 00:00

Mexicon

Mexicon

Mexico is not only the country where our major production plant in located, but we also share our passion with this country and its culture. Not only as a company but also as an individual, we are convinced that Mexico offers unlimited possibilities and has a large untapped potential. In order for you to benefit from the advantages this country has to offer, we happily answer all your questions anytime and offer you support with our EuRepMex and RavenCluster concept.

Please contact us in case you have questions or need information on the bibliography.

A

  • Advertising: Mexican consumers orient themselves on the American market. Companies are investing above-average in advertising and marketing to make products known. Without intensive efforts in these areas, entering the Mexican market with new products is considered as very difficult.
  • Age average: 26 years (Comparison: Germany 45.3 years; USA 37.1 years)
  • Age structure: 0-14 years: 28.2 %; 15 – 64 years: 65.2 %; 65 years and older:       6.6 % [2011]
  • Agriculture: Is responsible for 3.8 % of GDP and around 13.6 % of the workforce is employed in agriculture.
  • Agricultural products: Corn, wheat, barley rice, beans, potatoes, coffee, cotton, sugar cane, fruits, tomatoes, livestock breeding, fisheries
  • Airports: Mexico has 1,724 airports.
  • Area: 1,964,375 km² (Comparison: Germany 357,022 km²; USA 9,826,675 km²)
  • Automotive sector: Especially the automotive industry is increasing rapidly and emerges as one of the most important sectors in Mexico. The strong demand in the automotive sector is the main reason for the above-average economic growth rate of 4% in 2012. Mexico is an important production location for the international automotive industry. Nissan, Ford, Honda, Volkswagen, Chrysler, Fiat, General Motors, Mazda and Toyota already have plants in Mexico. Audi and BMW are also planning to set up a plant shortly. Especially the low labor costs and the strategic proximity to the USA are reasons to set up a plant in Mexico. The vehicle production has reached a new record high in January 2013 and 242,855 units had been produced (+19.8 % compared to January 2012). Nowadays Mexico ranks worldwide on place five for automotive export and on place eight for automotive production. Further growth is expected.
  • Aztecs: The Aztecs were the last civilization in central Mexico and adopted many elements of the Toltecs culture. Human sacrifices were a main part of the Aztec religion.

B

  • Banking system: In the Mexican banking system distinguishes between commercial banks (privately owned) and development banks (state institutions).
    • Major banks: BANAMEX, HSBC, BANORTE, SCOTIABANK; BBVA-BANCOMER und SANTANDER-SERFIN
    • Central bank (Banco de México): Mexico’s banking system was stable in times of crisis und is characterized by a solid liquidity. In 1994 the central bank received an autonomous status.
  • Beaches: The most beautiful beaches are located in Tulum, Puerto Escondido, Cancun, Playa del Carmen, Cabo San Lucas, Nuevo Vallarta, Akumal, Cozumel und Puerto Aventuras
  • Birth rate: 18.87 per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 8.33 per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 13.7 per 1,000 inhabitants)
  • Budget level: 295.2 billion USD
  • Buses: Public buses are signalled to stop on the side of the road by giving the bus driver a sign with the hand. For long time travels first class buses such as ADO, Futura, ETN or Estrella Blanca are recommended.
  • Business language: Spanish; in addition to Spanish, English is quite widespread as a business language.
  • Business opportunities: Outstanding opportunities are seen in the traditional machinery export as well as in the plastics packaging and automotive sectors. In the long run, the areas alternative energy and environmental technology offer promising business opportunities.

C

  • Capital city: Mexico City
  • Capital expenditure (net, public and private): 25.1 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 18.3 % of GDP; USA 15.5 % of GDP) [2011]
  • Climate: The climate is divided into dry and wet season (Dry season lasts from November until May). Hot and dry summers and cold winters are usual in the north (e.g. Monterrey). The tropical south is hot and humid all year long.
  • Compulsory school attendance: From 6 to 14 years
  • Corruption: Corruption is a criminal act and punishable (Corruption committed abroad is also prosecuted in Austria). Unfortunately reality looks different and corruption reaches from the small policeman up to highest political levels.
  • Country code: +52
  • Crude oil export: 1.299 million Barrels per day
  • Crude oil production: 2.934 million Barrels per day
  • Currency: Mexican peso (MXN)
  • Customs: For the import of products the general import tax must be paid. Additionally VAT and for certain products a special tax can occur.

D

  • Default interest rate for commercial transactions: The default interest rate set by law for commercial transactions is 6 % per year.
  • Dimensions and weight: The metric system is common in Mexico. Examples: length of unit meter [m], mass unit kilogram [kg], force Newton [N], time [s]
  • Dollar: The Mexican peso is strongly tied to the dollar.
  • Drinking water: 96 % of the urban and 87 % of the rural population have access to safe drinking water.
  • Drug war: The drug war is still a present topic in Mexico and also linked to the difficult security situation. Crime scientist Buscaglia estimates that the drug cartels have an annual turnover of over 100 billion USD. This represents almost 10 % of Mexico’s gross domestic product.

E

  • E-business: An annual turnover of 3.6 billion USD was achieved in 2011. Online shopping is mainly used by the upper income group (around 20 % of the population).
  • Economic growth: Economic growth added up to 4 % of GDP in 2012, mainly due to export.
  • Economic policy: Mexico has a liberal economic system with a relatively low proportion of nationalized industry.
  • Education expenditure: 4.8 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 4.5 % of GDP; USA 5.5 % of GDP)
  • Electricity: Basically 110 V AC and 60 HZ. In the industry three phases current is common (220 V per phase)
  • Electricity costs: Approximately 0.11 USD per KWH
  • Entry for EU citizens: EU citizens are allowed to remain in Mexico up to 180 days with a tourist visa. By entering the territory it is distinguished between Immigrants and Non-immigrants.
  • Ethnic groups: 60 % Mestizo, 30 % Indigenous, 9 % Europeans
  • EUR1: Due to the free trade agreement between Europe and Mexico the European origin of goods has to be proven by means of EUR1 in order to obtain reduced tariffs.
  • Exchange rate: 1 EUR = 17.04 MXN / 1 USD = 12.74 MXN [accessed 2/8/2013]
  • Exports: 349.7 billion USD (Comparison: Germany 1,415.53 billion USD; USA 1,480.0 billion USD)

F

  • Fertility rate: 2.3 births per woman (Comparison: Germany 1.41 births per woman; USA 2.06 births per woman)
  • Fetal mortality rate: 8.9 still births per 1,000 live births (Comparison: Germany 3.51 still births per 1,000 live births; USA 6.0 still births per 1,000 live births)
  • Flag: Colors: green, white, red; The Mexican emblem (an eagle with a snake in its beak that is sitting on a cactus) is centered in the white band.
  • Food: Tortillas, mole, tamales, tacos, enchiladas
  • Foreign exchange reserves: Approximately 161 billion USD
  • Foreign reserves: 149.2 billion USD (Comparison: Germany 244.019 billion USD; USA 148 billion USD) [2011]
  • Free trade agreement: Mexico has free trade agreements with 44 different countries (Reduction of United States dependency)
 
 

G

  • Geographic coordinates: 23 00 N, 102 00 W
  • Greeting rituals: Handshakes, hugs and one peck on the cheek are the most common forms of greeting in Mexico.
  • Gross domestic product (GDP, nom.): 1,154 billion USD (Comparison: Germany 3,609 billion USD; USA 15,076 billion USD) [2011]
  • Gross domestic product per capita (nominal): 10,146 USD (Comparison: Germany 40,442 USD; USA 48,328 USD) [2011]
  • Gross domestic product use: Private consumption 65.2 %; public consumption 11.2 %; gross fixed capital formation 24.9 %; external contribution -1.3 %
  • Gross external debt: 209.8 billion USD (Comparison: USA 15.048 billion USD) [2011]
  • Growing niches: Alternative energy, environmental technology, plastic processing

H

  • Health expenditure (public): 5.9 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 10.5 % of GDP; USA 17. 9% of GDP)
  • HIV / AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.3 % (about 220,000 people) (Comparison: Germany 0.1 % (about 67,000 people); USA 0.6 % (about 1.2 million people))

I

  • IMMEX program: The IMMEX program is an instrument which allows for the export of temporarily imported goods, which are necessary in an industrial process or service destined to the elaboration, transformation or reparation of those goods temporarily imported, to be exempt of the general import tax, the value added tax and in some cases the compensatory quotes. As long as the beneficiary keeps fulfilling both, the requirements that granted the permit in the first place and the obligations acquired by joining the program, the IMMEX effect persists.
  • Imports: 350.84 billion USD (Comparison: Germany 1,197.95 billion USD; USA 2,263 billion USD)
  • Income inequality: Despite the positive economic development, wages are still unbalanced and one out of five Mexicans is considered as poor.
  • Independence: The independence was declared on the 16th of September 1810 and recognized by Spain on the 27th of September 1821.
  • Industry: The manufacturing industry is responsible for around 18.2 % of GDP. Approximately 23.3 % of the workforce is employed in the industry sector.
  • Infant mortality: 12.8 deaths of children, which are younger than one year per 1,000 live births.
  • Infectious diseases: The contagiousness of infectious diseases which are transmitted through food and water, of diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid and of dengue fever is assessed as medium.
  • Inflation: 3.25 % (Comparison: Germany 1.7 %; USA 1.6 %) [accessed 1/31/2013]
  • Interest rate: 6.5 %
  • Internet country code: .mx
  • Internet users: 362 per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 830 per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 779 per 1,000 inhabitants)

L

  • Labor force: 50.01 million people (Comparison: Germany 44.01 million people; USA 154.9 million people)
  • Labor time: The federal labor law provides a maximum working week of 48 hours.
  • Land boundaries: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, USA 3,141 km
  • Language: 92.7 % speak Spanish, 5.7 % speak an indigenous language.
  • Letter of credit: Foreign transactions should be handled through a letter of credit – especially recommended if you do not know your business partner.
  • Level of education: There are significant differences in the level of education. Only 70% of children complete the first six years of primary school, despite a compulsory school attendance.
  • Life expectancy: Average of 76.66 years (Comparison: Germany 80.19 years; USA 78.49 years)
  • Life expectancy (female): Average of 79.63 years (Comparison: Germany 82.58 years; USA 81.05 years)
  • Life expectancy (male): Average of 73.85 years (Comparison: Germany 77.93 years; USA 76.05 years)
  • Literacy: 86.1 % of the population over 15 years can read and write. (Comparison: Germany 99 %; USA 99 %) [2011]

M

  • Main export goods: Electrical machinery and equipment, vehicles, mineral fuels, mechanical appliances and parts
  • Main import goods: Electrical machinery and equipment, mechanical appliances and parts, tractors and vehicles, mineral fuels
  • Major cities: Mexico City (19.319 million inhabitants); Guadalajara (4.338 million inhabitants); Monterrey (3.838 million inhabitants); Puebla (2.278 million inhabitants); Tijuana (1.629 million inhabitants)
  • Marriage: 4.9 marriages per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Maya: The Maya came originally from the highland of Guatemala and migrated to Mexico in 1,000 BC. Up until now there are numerous beautiful temple pyramids of the Mayas.
  • Membership in organizations: Latin American Integration Association, UN specialized agencies, WTO, World Bank, the IDB, NAFTA, OAS, OECD, IATA
  • Military: Annual spending about 0.5 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 1.5 % of GDP; USA 4.06 % of GDP)
  • Military service: General conscription – the selection is made through a lottery system. The military service lasts for 12 months (4 hours per week).
  • Mining industry: Approximately 10.1 % of GDP
  • Minimum wage: The minimum salary depends on the geographical area and can vary between 61.38 and 64.76 pesos / net daily.
  • Mobile phones: 824 per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 1,323 per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 1,059 per 1,000 inhabitants)
  • Mortality rate: 5.7 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants
  • Mortality rate of mothers: 50 deaths per 100,000 live births
  • Mortality men / women: 129.2 male deaths per 100 female deaths
  • Most important trading partners:Import: USA, China, Japan, South Korea, Germany, Canada; Export: USA, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Brazil

N

  • National anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano – song/music Francisco Gonzalez BOCANEGAR / Jaime Nuno ROCA
  • National symbol: Golden eagle
  • New borrowings: 3.4 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 4.1 % of GDP;           USA 10.1 % of GDP) [2011]
  • Newspapers: El Norte, El Universal, La Jornada, Reforma, El Excelsior, Novedades, El Financiero, El Economista

O

  • Obesity – adult prevalence rate: 23.6 % (Comparison: Germany 12.9 %;         USA 33.9 %)
  • Oil: Dependency on the oil export is about 35 % of the household.

P

  • Parties: The three largest parties in Mexico are: PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional), PAN (Partido Acción Nacional) und PRD (Partido de la Revolución Democrática)
  • Petrol prices at the gas station: USD 0.867 per liter [accessed 2/19/2013]
  • Physician density: 2.893 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 3.531 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 2.672 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants)
  • Political system: Mexico has been a democratic, federal republic with a bicameral legislature (House and Senate) since 1867.
  • Polity: Mexico consists of 31 states and a federal district (Distrito Federal).
  • Population: 114.98 million inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 81.306 million inhabitants; USA 313.8474 million inhabitants) [July 2012]
  • Population below the poverty line: 51.3 % (based on the food-oriented definition of poverty)
  • Population density: 57.5 inhabitants per square kilometer (Comparison: Germany 204.5 inhabitants per square kilometer; USA 31.1 inhabitants per square kilometer)
  • Population growth: Approximately 1.086 % (Comparison: Germany -0.2 %;            USA 0.9 %) [2012]
  • Ports - commercial: Mexico has 24 ports. The major commercial port is in Veracruz.
  • President: Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI) [since 12/1/2012]
  • Presumption of innocence: In Mexico someone is considered guilty until proven innocent.
  • Proper name: United States of Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos)
  • Protected territories: 11.1 % of the land area (Comparison: Germany 40.5 % of the land area; USA 12.4 % of the land area)
  • Public debt: 37.5 % of GDP
  • Public holidays 2013:
    • January 1st, 2013– New Year (by law)
    • February 4th, 2013 – Day of the Mexican constitution (by law)
    • March 18th, 2013 – Birth of Benito Juárez (by law)
    • March 28th, 2013 – Holy Thursday (not by law, companies can decide)
    • March 29th, 2013 – Good Friday (not by law, companies can decide)
    • May 1st, 2013 – Labor day (by law)
    • September 16th, 2013 – Mexican independence day (by law)
    • November 18th, 2013 – Mexican revolution (by law)
    • December 1st, 2013 – every six years, to the transmission of the federal executive (by law)
    • December 25th, 2013 – Christmas (by law)
  • Public investment: Approximately 2.7 % of GDP [2012]

R

  • Rainy season: From May to October
  • Raw materials: Oil, natural gas, zinc, salt, silver, copper, fluorite, mercury, bismuth, antimony, cadmium, manganese, phosphates, uranium
  • Reforms: Reforms are necessary in the areas of taxes, energy, education and labor- and competition law.
  • Relation weddings – divorces: 16 divorces per 100 weddings
  • Relation men – women: 95 men per 100 women
  • Religion: 76.5 % Roman Catholic, 5.2 % Protestant, 18.3 % other denominations
  • Research and Development: Mexico has a really low research rate and spends only 0.37 % of GDP on research and development. (Comparison: Germany 2.5 % of GDP; USA 2.6 % of GDP)
  • Retirement benefits (public spending): 1.3 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany: 11.4 % of GDP; USA 6.0 % of GDP)

S

  • Security: The security situation in Mexico is difficult. Therefore some simple precautions should be followed:
    • Do not leave objects of value visible in the car
    • Do not take hitchhikers
    • Only drive with looked doors and closed windows at night
    • Avoid to wear expensive jewellery or watches
    • Avoid to get money at ATMs at night
    • Monitor the scan of your credit card
    • Avoid deserted places at night
  • Service sector: Approximately 62.4 % of employees are active in the service sector.
  • State secretary: José Antonio Meade Kuribreña (since December 2012)
  • Suffrage: 18 years
  • Summer / Winter time: The summer time starts in Mexico on the first Sunday in April (one week after Europe) and ends on the last Sunday in October (same day as in Europe). (On the 04/07/2013 at 03:00:00 and on the 10/27/2013 at 01:59:59)
  • Supermarkets: Supermarkets are open from Monday to Sunday.Often promotional booths in the supermarkets are available for (new) products.
 

T

  • Taxation:
    • Value added tax (IVA): Generally 16 % - in areas up to 20 km away from the border the sales tax rate is 11 %.
    • Corporate tax (Impuesto Empresarial a Tasa Unica, IETU): The Corporate tax was introduced in 2008, additionally to the income tax. The tax rate is        17.5 %. The tax charge is based on the positive cash flow.
    • Real estate transfer tax (Impuesto sobre Adquisición de Inmuebles): 2 % of the duty of the land (in Monterrey)
    • Real estate tax (Impuesto predial): The percentage of the tax is progressive and cumulative and varies between 0.2 % up to 1 %. The percentage depends on the value of the property.
    • Rate of corporation tax (Tasa del Impuesto sobre la Renta): For legal entities 29 % [since 2013]
    • Special tax (Impuesto especial): Between 25 % - 50 % (e.g. on alcoholic beverages)
    • Withholding tax (Retención a cuenta): The withholding tax is deducted for many reasons. The most common reasons are:
      • i.     10 % for professional services
      • ii.     10 % for real estate leasing
      • iii.     4 % on freight
      • iv.     VAT for professional services, real estate leasing, commissions (2/3 of the tax is redistributed)
  • Taxes and other revenues: 23.2 % of GDP (Comparison: Germany 44.9 % of GDP; USA 15.7 % of GDP)
  • Taxis: To avoid difficulties (robberies, kidnappings...) it is recommended to drive exclusively in authorized taxis (taxi stand, call a taxi). The costs per kilometer lie between 5 – 8 pesos. The starting price per taxi is about 10 pesos. The price varies slightly from state to state. (For a 30 km drive you have to pay about 200 pesos in Monterrey)
  • Tequila: Tequila is Mexico’s national drink and is made out of fermented agave juice in a small region in western Mexico. The alcohol content is between 38 % and 40 %.
  • Tequila crisis: Tequila crisis is the term for Mexico’s peso crisis which took place in 1994/1995. The peso crisis ultimately led to an economic crisis. The government was not able to maintain the fixed peso exchange rate against the US dollar. Foreign investors stayed away and as a result the monetary crisis ended in an economic crisis.
  • Time zone: Central European Time (CET) -7 to -9 hours.
  • Tip: Between 10 % - 15 %
  • Tourism: About 20 million tourists come to Mexico every year. In 2010 the tourist revenue was 12,417 million USD, which is about 1.2 % of GDP.
  • Traffic: Especially in the major cities people have to get used to traffic and traffic jams. Furthermore it has to be taken into account that red traffic lights are often ignored by drivers and pedestrians (especially at night). Therefore it is important to drive carefully as nothing is predictable on Mexico’s roads.
  • Transportation: The domestic transportation by trucks is quite expensive even for European standards. Therefore the delivery of goods to the closest harbor by sea is recommended.

U

  • Unemployment rate: The official unemployment rate is 4.8 % according to INEGI (the unofficial unemployment rate comes up to 25 % according to estimates) (Comparison: Germany 6.5 %; USA 8.2 %) [2012]
  • Urban population: 77.8 %
  • USA (dependency): Strong dependency on the American market (about 80 % of exports)

V

  • Vaccinations: There are no compulsory vaccinations if you enter Mexico. (Except: yellow fever if you are coming from an infected area)
  • Vehicles: 191 per 1,000 inhabitants (Comparison: Germany 573.03 per 1,000 inhabitants; USA 439 per 1,000 inhabitants)
  • Vehicle plates: MEX
  • Violent deaths: 12.8 % of the total number of deaths are violent deaths
Wednesday, 08 October 2014 00:00

Our Raven Flyers

Our Raven Flyers

Find our latest RavenCluster, RavenTech and EuRepMex flyers in various languages for you to download.

Tuesday, 30 September 2014 00:00

ISO 9001:2008 Certification

ISO 9001:2008 Certification

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) created and regulates a reliable system that ensures the quality of manufactured products all around the world, despite their origin, function or purpose.

These standards are meant to safeguard final costumers and ensure a common ground from what can be expected from a product.

In September 2010 our company has been found to be in conformance with every single one of the requirements and policies and therefore certified.

Congratulations to each department for their well-prepared effort and dedication. Just remember that with this certification in hands there comes a lot of responsibility and expectations we are now committed to live up to.

Tuesday, 30 September 2014 00:00

Our Experiences in RavenRubber Austria

Our Experiences in RavenRubber Austria

GRATITUDE and EXPECTATION – those are the words that come up my mind when I am asked to describe what I am living right now.

My name is Karina Rodríguez, I am 22 years old and currently working in RavenRubber Austria. In June 2010 I entered RavenRubber México along with two companions to make our final assessment project for college. In December, I received my degree in Industrial and Systems Engineering with the offer to come and learn more about the company and receive a special training abroad.

Just five weeks have elapsed since my arrival to Austria and there is no doubt I arrived in a very different country, with people who do not speak my language and customs that are totally different, making my stay a challenge since the beginning. But that's the exciting thing about this experience. I had the opportunity to experience different ways of working, and I think I'm learning a lot from each and every one here in the company. I'm definitely valuing more the things that I have and that I don´t have and perhaps the fact of being away from home opened my eyes and made me understand that things are not easy from the start, but yet nothing is impossible.

I am grateful for the opportunity that has been given to me, the confidence to send me far away to receive this training which allows me to become a valuable asset for the future of the company.

That is where my expectation was born, because right now I want to absorb all the knowledge possible to grow and offer something useful, not only work-wise but also as a person.

- Karina Rodríguez

In the majority of cases we do not know what things really mean until you lose them or it costs you a real effort to achieve them.

Being away from your home country, away from your family makes you appreciate things more. Our parents have been teaching us values and principles, educated and prepared us all our live for us to have it easy when the time comes to be on our own. I can now understand what it means to do everything by myself and thanks to all the years of preparation, I manage to grow and mature more every day.

New experiences are part of our personal growth; they give us maturity for us to use the next day. Life is always going to confront us with difficult situations, but they will not be an obstacle to progress on your way. This is when you realize that you are grateful to everyone who helped you to fight and achieve your goals and when you start to feel proud of doing things.

Many times I start thinking about why things happen, both good and bad, but I try not to focus on the bad ones, much rather I try to get the most out of each situation.

I'm grateful to life and especially to God for giving me all I so far have and I keep asking him for giving me the strength to move forward despite of all the obstacles that arise, taking into account all the advice that throughout my life I have acquired.

"The key to success in life is to recognize the value of things"

- Mónica García

My Experience in LWB, our RavenCluster Partner, in Germany

Hi colleagues,

First of all, I hope you are doing fine. I would like to share my experience in a foreign country with you. To begin with I give you a brief overview of where I am and of the company I work for.

I'm currently in Altdorf, Germany, which is 45 minutes from Munich and I am working for the company LWB (Landshuter Werkzeugbau) which produces rubber injection molding machines. The company is known for its high-quality production and innovation in injection technology. It is a globally active company which exports all around the world and among others has customers in Turkey, France and Spain. It is currently expanding to Mexico, and to have an idea of the technology they develop, Vitro is a company that uses these machines to inject the rubber on glass.

I started working on February 28 and so far I can say that LWB is a company that is determined to improve, which seeks to be the best and believes in itself. People are always there for each other and support each other. It doesn’t matter if you don’t know some things, because that's what teamwork is there for, where you collaborate with your expertise for the common good by creating a friendly and relaxed atmosphere having a constant flow of communication and actually making the job easier.

I would like to share something, that really impressed me: when working in the assembly of the machines, my companion checked every perforation of every element of the machine. We are talking about thousands of perforations, and each and every one of them he touched, felt and measured. That´s where you could really feel the love for what he does.

I would like us to apply this ideology. I think it is fascinating and makes the job to not only be your work but part of yourself, part of what makes us feel proud of ourselves.

In conclusion, my experience has been very good, I'm learning and getting to know this culture and I think we can implement many of the things I have seen and learned in our family of RavenTeam.

I send you my best greetings,

- Sergio Gardea

Tuesday, 30 September 2014 00:00

Successful Launch in Mexico – Mutual Benefit

Successful Launch in Mexico – Mutual Benefit

Christoph Ravenstein, Director of the RavenGroup, about the concept of the RavenCluster, which makes the infrastructure of its in Mexico-based company available to newcomers.

How did you come up with the idea of helping foreign companies to establish themselves in Mexico?

The idea came up by chance. After building up our elastomer production in Monterrey, I asked a fellow mid-size entrepreneur, whether he wouldn’t want to come to Mexico in order to serve his customers here in North America and to win new ones. I offered that his company could leverage our existing organization and production facility proportionately. Despite the initially low turnover, the new Mexican company was already profitable within its first year. In turn we could also optimize our costs. Shortly by word-of-mouth publicity other mid-size companies joined this concept, and the idea of the cluster was born.

What are the arguments for investing in Mexico? Which benefits does Mexico offer?

In many ways Mexico is a young country. Democracy is not old, the beginning of industrialization and privatization happened not long back and the population is on average only 26 years old. This gives the country something like a sense of excitement with many economic opportunities. Mexico is rich in resources and is one of the industrially most advanced countries of Latin America. The North American Free Trade Agreement is certainly acting as the biggest engine. More and more large companies move their production facilities from the U.S., Europe and Asia to Mexico. Suitably qualified suppliers are required who do not only produce, but also provide long-term service in development and process technology locally. Mexico provides a good platform to link the growing markets of the U.S., Central and South America. European technology is especially required in the fields of automotive and household appliances industries and in particular in the field of renewable energies.

Which companies do you address with your offer?

Any company that is interested in moving to Mexico is more than welcome to get in contact with us. Sooner or later all parties involved benefit from an experience exchange with entrepreneurs. We work with a certain idealism to facilitate the entry into the Mexican market for interested companies. Our cluster concept is particularly interesting for small and medium sized companies.

What does a company have to know when investing in Mexico? How can you help interested companies?

To be successful in Mexico, one has to know the history and influence of different cultures, otherwise you will never fully understand the country and its people and not be able to successfully do business there. Certainly, this applies not only to Mexico. Nevertheless, up to today I am still occasionally surprised about the impact "small" differences in mentality can have on the working routine. Communication is important, however, one must know that the way of communicating differs in nuances and thus the understanding of the transmitted message is not always the same. Only if one takes this into account, one can find access to the Mexican business and private life and overcome the conditions, which to us might seem complicated. The cluster is not a consulting firm. Rather, we offer interested companies to accompany a possible start-up in Mexico with our experience. The cluster is not a company that earns money, it's a concept that saves costs for all its members.

Page 1 of 9